Sunday, September 8, 2019

The 10 Oldest National Parks In India


As of May 2019, India had 104 national parks covering a total of 40,501.13 square km that comprises 1.23% of the total surface area of the nation. Below is a list of five of the oldest national parks in India.

1. Jim Corbett National Park - 1936


India's oldest national park, the Jim Corbett National Park was established as early as 1836 by the British who were then ruling in India. It covers parts of the Nainital and Pauri Garhwal districts of the Uttarakhand state of India. Initially, a reserve area of 323.75 square km in the area was created. It was named Hailey National Park after Sir Malcolm Hailey, the then governor of United Provinces. It also became the first national park in Asia. Hunting was then completely prohibited in the area. In 1954-55, the park was renamed as Ramganga National Park. A year later in 1955–56, it was once more renamed to Jim Corbett National Park after the famous naturalist and author, Jim Corbett. In 1974, the park became the first site for the launching of Project Tiger. Today, India's oldest national park occupies an area of 520.8 square km that includes spectacular landscapes of grasslands, lakes, hills, riverine belts, and marshes. The elevation of the park ranges from 1,300 to 4,000 ft. Around 110 species of trees, 50 mammalian species including the Bengal tiger, 580 bird species, and more are found in this national park.

2. Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary - 1940


Set up in 1940, the Mudumalai National Park is India's second oldest national park. Before that, Mudumalai was a game reserve encompassing an area of 62 square km. When the Madras Presidency took control of the area, Mudumalai was declared a national park. In 2007, it was made into a tiger reserve. Today, the national park occupies 321 square km on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is home to many threatened species like the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Indian elephant, gaur, 266 species of birds, and more.

3. Tadoba National Park - 1955


Located in Maharashtra's Chandrapur district, the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is India's third-oldest and Maharashtra's oldest national park. It was created in 1955. The area was once ruled by the Gond kings. Hunting was banned here in 1935. In 1955, 116.54 square km of this forest area was designated as a national park. In 1986, the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was established nearby. In 1995, both the national park and sanctuary were merged to form the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve. The reserve covers an area of 577.96 square km.

3. Sariska National Park - 1955


The Sariska National Park is located in Rajasthan's Alwar district. It was also founded in 1955. It covers an area of 866 square km that includes grasslands, rocky hills, scrub-thorn forests, and dry deciduous forests. In the past, the area served as a hunting preserve of the royals of the Alwar state. In 1955, it was designated a national park and in 1978, it was made part of a Tiger Reserve. Sariska is home to tigers, leopards, jungle cats, dholes, Indian jackals, striped hyenas, Indian peafowl, and many other species of fauna.

3. Kanha National Park - 1955



The Kanha National Park was also established in 1955. It is the biggest national park in Madhya Pradesh. In 1973, it was made into the Kanha Tiger Reserve. Today, this protected area covers 940 square km in the Balaghat and Mandla districts of Madhya Pradesh. The park hosts a significant population of tigers, Indian leopards, dholes, sloth bears, and the barasingha.  





Saturday, September 7, 2019

10 Indian States That Spend The Most On Cigarette Smoking



The 10 Indian States That Spend The Most On Smoking

Source of data: For a list of all Indian state, visit the following link:
https://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2015/12/23/which-indian-states-drink-and-smoke-the-most/





India is home to 12% of the world's smokers. Smoking in India claims the lives of millions of people every year. Although several bans and restrictions are in place to discourage Indians to smoke, all have had little effect on this deadly habit of the country' men and women. What is worse is that smoking is also becoming more common among Indian women. As women in the country are getting empowered and moving closer towards gender equality, they are also adopting habits traditionally associated with men like smoking and drinking alcohol. While female empowerment is certainly good for the country, it should not be related to the false sense of empowerment gained through female smoking and drinking. Both men and women in India must move towards making themselves free of such bad habits that can even turn lethal.

Smoking trends in India also vary widely across the various states of the country. Below is a list of the Indian states where people spend the most on buying cigarettes.

Northeast Indian States Smoke The Most

From the table above, it becomes clear that people from the Northeast Indian states smoke the most. Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Manipur, all from the northeast, occupy the top three slots with the highest amount spend per head on cigarette smoking in a month. An average person in Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Manipur spend 103.62, 62.11, and 40.01 Indian rupees per month for smoking cigarettes respectively. Nagaland comes in fifth place with Kerala from South India taking fourth place in the ranking. Tripura ranks eighth while Assam and Arunachal Pradesh digress from the trend ranking much later in the list. 

The high prevalence of smoking in the Northeast is attributed to the smoking culture of the region whereby most children pick up the habit from their parents and siblings at home. Both men and women in the region smoke and hence, the young boys and girls are heavily influenced by what they witness at home. More women smoke in the northeast than anywhere else in the country. Peer pressure also coaxes the youth into smoking. The governments of these states are making several attempts to discourage the habit of cigarette smoking among its population. It is believed that the older generations need to set an example for the younger ones by quitting the habit. Only then the youth might follow.

Kerala From South India: The Odd One Out

Although Kerala was the first Indian state to ban smoking in public places on July 12, 1999, it ranks as the fourth state where an individual spends the most money on smoking cigarettes. 

Friday, September 6, 2019

The 10 Deadliest States For Road Accidents In India

Every year, thousands lose their lives in brutal road accidents across India. Most often such accidents are caused due to drinking and driving, ignorance of traffic rules, especially overspeeding.  The road accident rate in the country, however, varies considerably from one state to another. As data shows, some state have better managed road safety issues than others. 10 of the most dangerous states in India for road accidents have been mentioned below. Since the population of these states vary widely, the absolute number of deaths cannot be used in ranking the states. Number of per capita deaths is, however, a more clear indication of how dangerous roads in these states are. 


10 Indian States With The Most Road Accident Deaths In 2018


1. Haryana, Highest Per Capita Road-Accident Deaths

With 26.2 deaths per lakh of the population, Haryana records the highest number of road accident deaths per capita in India. At least 14 people get killed and 30 sustain injuries per day in the state as per data from traffic police. In 2019, however, some improvement was noted in the number of road-accident related fatality in the state. It decreased from 3,964 between January and April 2018 to 3,672 during the same period in 2019. 

According to reports by traffic police, a large number of road accident deaths in Haryana take place on the treacherous stretch of National Highway (NH) 44 linking Panipat with Ambala. Nearly 100 people die here every year. Other dangerous highway stretches passing through the state include those of NH-10, NH-48, NH-709, and NH-344. Nearly 50% of the deaths occur on state highways and 35% on national highways. The Gurugram district of the state ranks first in the number of road fatalities. Sonepat, Karnal, and Yamunanagar follow. Some of the common reasons for the accidents include overspeeding, traffic rule violation, driving under alcohol-influence, overpacking vehicles, and driving in wrong lanes. 40% of the accidents are attributed to trucks, tractors, and goods carriers. 

2. Uttar Pradesh - The Highest Increase In Road-Accident Deaths


In 2018, Uttar Pradesh (UP) recorded the highest absolute number of road-accident deaths of 22,256. However, this figure itself does not make UP the most dangerous Indian state in terms of road accidents. The road-accident deaths per capita in UP is much lower than that of Haryana as UP is the most populous state in the country. In 2018, UP recorded 11.1 road-accident deaths per lakh individuals, ranking it as the 17th most dangerous state for road deaths in India. 

What is of greater concern regarding the state of road safety in UP is that the number of deaths has greatly soared in the state, and this increase is the highest of all states in the country. Between 2017 and 2018, the number of road accident fatalities in UP increased by over 2000 raising concerns about the state of traffic regulations in the state. 

The data below shows 10 Indian states with the highest increase in road accidents between 2017 and 2018:

Thursday, August 22, 2019

The 10 Most Visited Monuments In India By Foreigners

For centuries, India has been ruled by powerful and prosperous dynasties whose rulers have left behind a mark of their rule in the form of numerous monuments across the country. Although ages-old, these monuments still stand strong, baffling archeologists by the integrity of their architecture. These monuments are also objects of great beauty. Every visitor marvels at their opulence, detailed decorations, and aesthetic architecture. They are also of great interest to those with interest in history and culture as history speaks from the walls of these monuments. They also give a peek into Indian art and culture as it was centuries ago. People from all over the world travel to India to take tour these monuments and marvel at their beauty.

So, which monuments in India are most popular among foreign tourists to the country?


10 Most Popular Centrally Protected Ticketed Monuments for Foreign Visitors in 2017-18.

Source: http://tourism.gov.in/sites/default/files/Other/India%20Tourism%20Statistics%202018.pdf

1. Taj Mahal


Few guesses are required about India’s most visited monument. It is the symbol of eternal love, the Taj Mahal in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh of India. 0.79 million foreign visitors visited this attraction in 2018. The construction of the Taj Mahal was commissioned in 1632 by Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Later, his tomb was also built by the side of his wife. The tombs form the centerpiece of the massive complex. Formal gardens surround the monument. A mosque and guest house are also part of the complex. The Taj Mahal is known for its enchanting beauty. Built-in white marble and colorful semi-precious stones, the building is said to appear most striking on full moon days. Both the exteriors and interiors of the Taj Mahal are intricately decorated with marble inlay work, colorful glass, paintings, marble carvings, jali work, and more. No wonder that the Taj Mahal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the world’s seven wonders.

2. Agra Fort 



Located near the Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort is another UNESCO World Heritage Site that is extremely popular among visitors. 0.49 million foreign tourists were recorded at Agra Fort in 2018. Until 1638, it served as the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty before the capital was shifted to Delhi. The fort’s present appearance can be traced to the time of Emperor Akbar’s rule in the late 16th century. There is a lot to explore and observe at the Agra Fort. History speaks from every wall of this massive bastion. It takes visitors back to the Mughal era and the opulence all around reminds one of the power and authority of the Mughals. 

3. Qutb Minar

The Qutb or Qutab Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi’s Mehrauli area. It is a 73 m tall tower with five stories and a base diameter of 14.3 m. A spiral staircase of 379 steps leads to the top. The construction of the tower was started by Qutb al-Din Aibak, a general of the Ghurid empire and completed by his son-in-law Iltutmish. In 1974, a tragic event occurred at the Qutab Minar when a lighting failure in the staircase of the tower led to a stampede among the public that claimed the lives of 47 visitors. It is said that since then, the Qutab Minar is haunted. The public is not allowed to climb up the staircase of the tower anymore. In 2018, 0.30 million foreign visitors visited the Qutab Minar complex, the third most visited monument in India by foreigners. 

Image credit: Ondřej Žváček

4. Fatehpur Sikri



Another UNESCO World Heritage Site, Fatehpur Sikri is the fourth most popular monument among foreigners visiting India. It is located in Agra close to the Taj Mahal. It is a former city of the Mughal Empire that was founded by Emperor Akbar in 1571. In 1610, the city was completely abandoned and later excavated out by the Archaeological Survey of India who now manages the site. Fatehpur Sikri has many ancient royal buildings, the royal residences of Emperor Akbar and his wives, the residence of Birbal, and more. As the story goes, Emperor Akbar visited the village of Sikri to seek the blessings of Sheikh Salim, a Sufi saint. Jahangir, Akbar’s son, was born in the village in 1569. To commemorate the Sheikh who had predicted this birth, Akbar built an impressive city in Sikri and named it Fatehpur Sikri or the "City of Victory.”

5. Humayun's Tomb


The tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi is the fifth most visited Indian monument by foreigners. Empress Bega Begum, the first wife of Humayun, commissioned the building of this tomb in 1569 to 80. Persian architects designed the tomb. In 1993, UNESCO declared it as a World Heritage Site. Built-in red sandstone, the tomb appears very beautiful and grand. Its impressive architecture continues to attract visitors all-year-round.

While you have learn of Indian monuments that foreigners like to visit, which monuments are popular among India's residents?
Here is a list of the same:

https://oishimaya.blogspot.com/2019/08/10-most-visited-monuments-in-india-by.html

Tuesday, August 20, 2019

10 Most Visited Monuments In India By Indians Themselves



For centuries, India has been ruled by powerful and prosperous dynasties whose rulers have left behind a mark of their rule in the form of numerous monuments across the country. Although ages-old, these monuments still stand strong, baffling archeologists by the integrity of their architecture. These monuments are also objects of great beauty. Every visitor marvels at their opulence, detailed decorations, and aesthetic architecture. They are also of great interest to those with interest in history and culture as history speaks from the walls of these monuments. They also give a peek into Indian art and culture as it was centuries ago. 

So, which monuments in India are most popular among domestic tourists of the country. Which are the favorite monuments of Indians?


10 Most Popular Centrally Protected Ticketed Monuments For Domestic Visitors In 2017-18

Source: http://tourism.gov.in/sites/default/files/Other/India%20Tourism%20Statistics%202018.pdf

The following have been mentioned below.

1. Taj Mahal 




Few guesses are required about India’s most visited monument. It is the symbol of eternal love, the Taj Mahal in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh of India. 5.66 million domestic visitors visited this attraction in 2018. The construction of the Taj Mahal was commissioned in 1632 by Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Later, his tomb was also built by the side of his wife. The tombs form the centerpiece of the massive complex. Formal gardens surround the monument. A mosque and guest house are also part of the complex. The Taj Mahal is known for its enchanting beauty. Built in white marble and colorful semi-precious stones, the building is said to appear most striking on full moon days. Both the exteriors and interiors of the Taj Mahal are intricately decorated with marble inlay work, colorful glass, paintings, marble carvings, jali work, and more. No wonder that the Taj Mahal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the world’s seven wonders.

2. Konark Sun Temple


With 3.22 domestic visitors in 2018, the Konark Sun Temple is India’s second most popular destination. It is located in the town of Konark on the coastline of Odisha in eastern India. Since it is located near Puri, an extremely popular beach destination for domestic tourists, Konark is also visited by a majority of them. The Sun Temple at Konark is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is regarded as an architectural wonder by scholars. It was built in the 13th century by king Narasingha deva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. The temple is dedicated to Surya, the Sun god. The temple represents the chariot of the Sun God and has immense wheels and horses carved in stone. The Konark Sun Temple is associated with many interesting facts that keep modern-day architects scratching their heads as to how such wonders were constructed so long ago. Every carving and other details on the walls of this temple are associated with deep meanings related to Indian mythology, culture, and ancient beliefs.

3. Red Fort





Nearly every visitor to India’s capital city of Delhi ensures that they tour the Red Fort, a historic fort in the heart of the city. The Red Fort received 3.04 million domestic visitors in 2018, the third-highest of any monument in the country. The fort’s construction was commissioned in 1638 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan when he decided to shift the capital of his empire from Agra to Delhi. Unlike most other forts built by the Mughals, the Red Fort has asymmetrical boundaries that were built to accommodate an older fort’s remaining parts. Today, the Red Fort plays an important role as it serves as the venue where the Indian Prime Minister hoists the Indian national flag every year on August 15, the Indian Independence Day.

4. Qutb Minar


The Qutb or Qutab Minar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi’s Mehrauli area. It is a 73 m tall tower with five stories and a base diameter of 14.3 m. A spiral staircase of 379 steps leads to the top. The construction of the tower was started by Qutb al-Din Aibak, a general of the Ghurid empire and completed by his son-in-law Iltutmish. In 1974, a tragic event occurred at the Qutab Minar when a lighting failure in the staircase of the tower led to a stampede among the public that claimed the lives of 47 visitors. It is said that since then, the Qutab Minar is haunted. The public is not allowed to climb up the staircase of the tower anymore.

5. Agra Fort 

Located near the Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort is another UNESCO World Heritage Site that is extremely popular among visitors. 2.01 million domestic tourists were recorded at Agra Fort in 2018. Until 1638, it served as the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty before the capital was shifted to Delhi. The fort’s present appearance can be traced to the time of Emperor Akbar’s rule in the late 16th century. There is a lot to explore and observe at the Agra Fort. History speaks from every wall of this massive bastion. It takes visitors back to the Mughal era and the opulence all around reminds one of the power and authority of the Mughals. 

While you the know the favorite monuments of Indians in their own country, which monuments are most popular among foreigners visiting India?

Click to know below: https://oishimaya.blogspot.com/2019/08/the-10-most-visited-monuments-in-india.html

Sunday, August 18, 2019

The 10 Fastest-growing Cities In India By GDP

According to a study conducted by Oxford Economics, between 2019 and 2035, all of the world’s 10 fastest-growing cities by GDP will be in India. 



The Fastest-growing Indian Cities

1. Surat
With an average annual growth of 9.17%, Surat is the fastest-growing Indian city. It is located in the Indian state of Gujarat. It serves as the capital of the Surat district. It is home to 4,467,797 people. Surat’s city center is located on the Tapti River close to the river’s mouth in the Arabian Sea. Surat is the first smart IT city in the country. In 2017, it was labeled the cleanest city in the country by the Indian Ministry of Urban Development. Surat is famous for its diamond cutting and polishing industry. It is thus nicknamed the “Diamond City of India.” Surat is also called “The Silk City of India” as it is India’s textile hub. 

2. Agra


Agra is India’s second-fasted growing city. It currently has a population of 1,585,704 individuals. The GDP growth rate of Agra is predicted to be 8.58% between 2019 and 2035. Agra is located on the banks of the Yamuna River in Uttar Pradesh. It is most famous for the Taj Mahal, one of the world’s seven wonders. Many other beautiful Mughal-era buildings like the Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī are located in and around the city. It is part of India’s Golden Triangle tourist circuit. Agra has several industries like biotechnology, leather industry, and a vibrant handicrafts industry. The embroidery work, stone carving, and marble inlay work of the city are particularly famous. Sweets and snacks of Agra are also famous. 

3. Bengaluru
Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka, is home to more than 10 million people. It is the country’s third-fastest growing city with a GDP growth rate of 8.5%. Bengaluru, formerly known as Bangalore, is a multi-ethnic cosmopolitan city that is often called the "Silicon Valley of India" or “IT capital of India.” It is the country’s leading exporter of information technology. Bengaluru also has one of the world’s most educated workforces. Many top educational and research institutions of India like the IIT, IISc, IIM, IITB, NIMHANS, and others are present in this city and attract the best young minds from across the country. The Kannada film industry is also based in Bengaluru. Bangalore also has a strong start-up scene.


Hyderabad will have the fourth-fastest growing city in the world. It is the capital of Telangana. Located along the banks of the Musi River, Hyderabad is home to a population of around 9.7 million people. According to Oxford Economics, Hyderabad will experience a GDP growth rate of 8.47% between 2019 and 2035. Hyderabad is the largest contributor to Telangana’s GDP. The service sector is dominant in the city. In the past, Hyderabad was a major pearl and diamond trading center. Following industrialization, several Indian enterprises like BHEL, ECIL, NFC, and others opened their offices and factories in the city. Several top educational and research institutions like DRDO and CCMB were also established. In recent years, the rapid growth of Hyderabad’s IT sector has allowed the IT-enabled services, financial and insurance institutions to grow. Other sectors like real estate, retail, storage, communication, etc., also experienced rapid expansion in the city. Hyderabad also has a large informal economy that employs over 30% of the workforce.

5. Nagpur
India’s fifth most rapidly growing city by GDP is Nagpur. It is located in Maharashtra where it serves as the state’s winter capital. Nagpur is home to 2,405,665 individuals. A survey has ranked Nagpur as India’s best city in terms of liveability, public transport infrastructure, greenery, and health care. Nagpur is also one of the safest Indian cities. All these factors make Nagpur an ideal destination for investments. Nagpur is also known as the “Orange City” as it is a major orange trade center. It is also located near several tiger reserves and is called the “Tiger Capital of India.” 




Wednesday, July 17, 2019

A Visit To The Calcutta Jain Temple In North Kolkata


Watch the video to know more about this beautiful tourist destination and Jain pilgrimage center in Kolkata.